«

»

May 18 2012

Print this Post

Can we achieve equality in ICTs for women and girls?

In recent years there has been a growing focus on promoting ICTs among women and girls to foster gender equality and greater participation in the developing Information Society. This post discusses some of the challenges and suggests possible remedies.

World Telecommunications and Information Society (WTIS) Day is celebrated on 17 May to mark the establishment of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) the United Nations organisation specialising in ICTs. This year’s theme for WTIS is “Women and Girls in ICT”. In his call to action, ITU Secretary General, Dr. Hamadoun Touré, challenged countries to recognise the importance of women to society and the imperative to ensure gender equality:

…Women are the bedrock of our societies. They are the pillars of strength in every family and community. Yet gender inequalities remain deeply entrenched…

… Gender equality is a basic human right enshrined in the UN Charter, and it is one of the main objectives of the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). ICTs are tools that can help accelerate progress towards achieving this target, and it is for this reason that ITU Council proposed that we focus our efforts this year on women and girls, using the power of ICTs to provide new digital opportunities to end discrimination and empower the female half of the world’s population to achieve their rightful place as equals in the world… (Source: ITU)

Although we in the Caribbean might take comfort in the fact that we have made considerable strides over the years to ensure that girls in particular are treated equitably, there are still concerns that girls and women are not adequately represented in the tech and ICT fields. In recognition of WTIS and this year’s theme, we will explore some of the issues and challenges, and then ways in which the presence of girls and women in technology can be improved.

Key issues and challenges

Hon. Julian Robinson, Minister of State in the Ministry of Science, Technology, Energy and Mining, providing some observations this year’s theme for WTIS

At international/diplomatic levels, there are a number of conventions and agreements that recognise the importance of girls and women and demand the acceding member countries to foster, at the national level, equality between the genders across a broad range of sectors, issues and interests. However, as noted by Hon. Julian Robinson, Minister of State in the Ministry of Science, Technology, Energy and Mining in Jamaica at a panel discussion held at the University of the West Indies (Jamaica), last night, females typically outnumber males across the education systems and even in the office. Nevertheless, he was also quick to highlight that at the senior management, executive and board levels within organisations, men tend to predominate.

These observations are consistent with some of our earlier findings as reflected in Breaking the glass ceiling: 5 reasons why women have not excelled in the tech sector, where we noted that although female enrolment at university generally outstrips that of men by 2 to 1, that ratio can be reversed in favour of men, and with much wider disparities with regard to IT and Engineering study.

Second, although many women take up opportunities to attend university and to be financial independent, socialisation – especially societal and cultural norms –has a considerable influence over girls, and the choices that they make as they develop into women, and beyond. Additionally, organisational culture might not always support women working in the tech field, or encourage those that might have ambitions of securing senior management positions.

Kay Osborne, Mangement and Communciations Consultant, offering some cogent thoughts on some of constraints against gender empowerment.

Finally, limited access to telecoms and the relatively high cost for service  creates a barrier to empowerment, which  tends to be strongly reflected across gender lines. Management and Communication Consultant, Kay Osborne argues that if telecoms rates are reduced, it would go a long way to improve the lot of women to access and harness those services thereby improving the gender balance.

Over the last few weeks we have updated our Snapshot series, and have published new findings for mobile/cellular and Internet spend across the Caribbean. Although to varying degrees rates might be improving, last year’s Snapshots on the affordability of telecoms services recognised that relative to income, rates are still too high in the region, which would affect how, and the extent to which, persons use those services. Moreover,  data/Internet services subscription is still quite low across the region, which again limits persons’ exposure to IT, and their ability to more fully participate in the Information Society.

Transitioning from “Cinderella” to “Cyberella”

Relative to men, women are primarily users of technology – Cinderellas, but in order to become creators and designers and to capitalise on technology in more meaningful ways (Cyberellas), below are a few suggestions to change the existing paradigm.

Improve telecoms access and pricing. In a number of countries across the Caribbean the legislative and policy frameworks for telecoms and ICT are actively being reviewed or updated, which provides opportunities to improve the enabling environment for the take-up and use of technology. Additionally, many countries have made provision for Universal Access/Universal Service to facilitate access to telecoms services, particularly in circumstances when it might not be economically feasible for the telcos to do so. While implementing these mechanisms does have their challenges, they can be optimised in order to improve the existing environment.

Increase STEM numbers. Girls and women should be encouraged to pursue studies in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). While at the secondary school levels across the Caribbean, girls have been excelling in Mathematics and the Sciences, for example, they are no longer as prominent in Technology and Engineer programmes at the universities. One way this deficiency can be addressed is via mentoring, and targeted activities that speak to the opportunities that exist.

Revisit socio-cultural messages. Without a doubt, this point is considerably easier said than done, but it is the most critical component in any initiative to improve the equality of girls and women in ICT. Access and pricing to telecoms can be improved, and the comprehensive support structure can be in place to encourage girls to consider STEM fields for careers, but if the messages at home, in the workplace, and in the wider society do not also foster this, the entire effort can be undermined.

 

Image (Girl playing The Sims 3 at Igromir 2011) courtesy of Sergey Galyonkin, flickr

___________

About the author

Michele Marius

Michele Marius has a wealth of experience in the telecoms and ICT space, which has been gained in the Caribbean, Southeast Asia and the South Pacific, and in the public and private sectors. She is the Editor and Publisher of ICT Pulse.

Permanent link to this article: http://www.ict-pulse.com/2012/05/can-we-achieve-equality-in-icts-for-women-and-girls/

6 comments

Skip to comment form

  1. moni

    Hey ya,
    This is a problem that really isnt a problem but is a problem. I recently attended a women in IT function and found it rather interesting and enlightening. There are various issues that contribute to this as alluded to in your previous article (October). However I must say that for the most part the problem is us. We for some reason limit ourselves and assume that some roles are better suited for males. While that may be true traditionally, we need to compete equally and not expect any favours. I saw this question by a well know practitioner in my area of computing posted on one of our forums; Why should I attend a presentation that is ????? just because the presenter has boobs? Now this was particularly ‘low’ and I had to force myself to view it objectively. We as women in the field of Computer Science and Information Technology need to raise our standards and ensure that we are a force to be reckoned with. Yes there are very few role models but remember that these are fairly new fields of study (comparatively)thus we are still at a point where we can make our mark. However we must realise that as with most things there are sacrifices that have to be made, I cannot expect to achieve the same as my friend who put in five hours of research if I only put in two. My presentation would be of a different standard.

    Moni out.

    1. Michele Marius

      Moni, girl,

      You are preaching to converted on this! However, often it is not the women in the tech fields who are the first suggest that they should be given a leg up because there are women, but others – those on the outside, who think they are being helpful by doing so…

      Often though, either women sell ourselves short by not putting themselves forward to lead or take on important activities, or in trying to have it all (partner, kids, etc), they do not give their studies/profession the requisite attention.

      It can be a difficult balancing act for all concerned.

      Michele

  2. Paul Ellis

    I think the problem begins with the quote from the ITU which says inter alia “women are the bedrock of our societies..”. THis should really read “women are one of the bedrocks of our societies..” I find it illogical to single out one gender for either praise of calumny. Just as see no problem with women outstripping men in other areas, what specifically is the problem with men outstripping women in IT and engineering? Unless we are saying that IT and engineering are missing out on not having more women in the field.
    I am open to this suggestion, as long as we consider that for years nursing has been missing out on not having more men involved and that steps need to be taken to get more men involved in nursing. The same can be said for teaching. Unless of course women are in fact superior to men, being able to do everything a man can do while men are inherently unfit for some tasks that women do.
    Women will eventually dominate IT and engineering just as they do every other area of higher learning, especially here in the Caribbean. The reasons for this are deeper than I have time to go into now. But sufficed to say I will have no issues with it, just as I have no issues with men being in greater numbers now.

    Paul Ellis

    1. Michele Marius

      Hi Paul,

      Thanks for your candor! So why do you think women have dominated some professions over men?

    2. moni

      Social conditioning/Culture is the basis of most of the issues mentioned. My issue is not with equality because I do not consider myself equal and having the same capabilities as men do. That said, what I think needs to be done is to encourage more females to enter the filed if they are so inclined. Meaning, they should not be discouraged because it is supposedly a “male” career path. {This is what happened in the medical field where the some people think, Male – doctor, Female -nurse thus traditionally if you wanted to do some thing medical you would be encouraged as such} What we dont want happening to the few women in the field is when they turn up for a job they are fully capable of doing they are not judged based on that fact . Women need to realise that its also okay for them to enter the “geek” world if they so desire. But then the balancing act as MM mentioned could prove a problem to some. Again Social conditioning!!!

      Michelle this came in the mail today: http://www.computing.co.uk/ctg/interview/2179047/-girl-interview-dr-sue-black?WT.rss_f=

      1. Michele Marius

        Excellent points, Moni! And thanks for the link…

Comments have been disabled.